The seventh month of the year commences the Fall Feasts of the Lord! Yom Teruah or the Feast of Trumpets on the 1st, Yom Kippur on the 10th, and Sukkot on the 15th. This will be a very full month of celebrations, one filled with meaning, rejoicing, and reflecting. What is Yom Teruah? How have we seen it celebrated in Scripture? And how it is revealed to us as a type and shadow of what is to come?
Yom Teruah Celebrations in the Bible
Wayyiqra (Leviticus) 23:23-25:
23 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have a rest, a memorial of trumpets: it shall be to you a holy convocation. 25 Ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall offer a whole-burnt-offering to the Lord.
Bemidbar (Numbers ) 10:1-2; 8-10:
“1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 Make to thyself two silver trumpets: thou shalt make them of beaten work; and they shall be to thee for the purpose of calling the assembly, and of removing the camps.
8 And the priests the sons of Aaron shall sound with the trumpets; and it shall be a perpetual ordinance for you throughout your generations. 9 And if ye shall go forth to war in your land against your enemies that are opposed to you, then shall ye sound with the trumpets; and ye shall be had in remembrance before the Lord, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. 10 And in the days of your gladness, and in your feasts, and in your new moons, ye shall sound with the trumpets at your whole-burnt-offerings, and at the sacrifices of your peace-offerings; and there shall be a memorial for you before your God: I [am] the Lord your God.”
Bemidbar (Numbers) 29:1:
“And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, there shall be to you a holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work: it shall be to you a day of blowing the trumpets.”
Tehillim (Psalms) 80: 1 – 5:
1 [For the end, a Psalm for Asaph, concerning the wine-presses.] 2 Rejoice ye in God our helper; shout aloud to the God of Jacob. 3 Take a psalm, and produce the timbrel, the pleasant psaltery with the harp. 4 Blow the trumpet at the new moon, in the glorious day of your feast. 5 For [this] is an ordinance for Israel, and a statute of the God of Jacob. *
*The numbering of the Psalms in the Septuagint version of the Bible is different from other translations. Psalms 81: 1 – 4 is the reference in non-Septuagint Bible translations.
Nehemyah (Nehemiah) 8:1-3; 5; 6:
“8:1 And the seventh month arrived, and the children of Israel [were settled] in their cities; and all the people were gathered as one man to the broad place before the water-gate, and they told Esdras [Ezra] the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses, which the Lord commanded Israel. 2 So Esdras the priest brought the law before the congregation both of men and women, and every one who had understanding [was present] to hearken, on the first day of the seventh month. 3 And he read in it from the time of sun-rise to the middle of the day, before the men and the women; and they understood [it], and the ears of all the people [were attentive] to the book of the law.
5 And Esdras opened the book before all the people, for he was above the people; and it came to pass when he had opened it, [that] all the people stood. 6 And Esdras blessed the Lord, the great God: and all the people answered, and said, Amen, lifting up their hands: and they bowed down and worshipped the Lord with their face to the ground.”
What is Yom Teruah?
Yom Teruah is the Day of Trumpets that occurs on Rosh Chodesh – the New Moon, in the seventh Hebrew month (September). Unlike with the other High Holidays, the explicit meaning of the holiday is not clear, however, what is clear is that it is a day of remembrance and a commanded rest day. The word Teruah in Hebrew refers to making a loud noise or a shout, a blast of war, alarm, or joy (Strong’s “Teruah”).
It can be described as the noise made by a trumpet- as when the priests would blow the trumpets to gathering the Hebrew nation together. When they were about to begin a battle with an enemy nation, or during the beginning of the High Holidays, the new moons and sabbaths. Teruah also can be the shout made by a large gathering of people, there are several examples shown in Scripture.
Yehoshua (Joshua) 6:20 – The walls of Jericho fell at the sound or Teruah of the children of Israel.
Iyob (Job) 33:26 – Job’s face is described as having joy or Teruah.
Tehillim (Psalms) 47:5 – Elohim goes before us with Teruah and trumpets.
Yom Teruah is a time where we dive into the word of God to better understand this holiday and to celebrate in Him. It is a day to blow trumpets, as stated in Numbers and in the Psalms. We should look for the new moon and we should rest, during this time of transition from Summer to Fall.
Feast of Trumpets and Christ’s Return
Yom Teruah is also traditionally the time when many believe that Jesus will return to earth, with the blowing of the trumpets that comes with this holiday and the trumpets’ sounding described in 1 Thessalonians as well as, in 1 Corinthians.
Qorintiyim Aleph (1 Corinthians) 15: 51 – 52:
51 See, I speak a secret to you: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
Tas’loniqim Aleph (1 Thessalonians) 4:15 – 18:
15 For this we say to you by the Word of the Master, that we, the living who are left over at the coming of the Master shall in no way go before those who are asleep. 16 Because the Master Himself shall come down from heaven with a shout, with the voice of a chief messenger, and with the trumpet of Elohim, and the dead in Messiah shall rise first. 17 Then we, the living who are left over, shall be caught away together with them in the clouds to meet the Master in the air – and so we shall always be with the Master. 18 So, then encourage one another with these words.
A Day of Remembrance
Yom Teruah is a day of remembrance of Teruah. This is a day to remember the amazing things that Yehovah did for Israel and about looking forward to the Second coming of the Messiah. The main theme of remembrance should be at the forefront of our minds and hearts during this time. As we sound the shofar, and as we rest and have a joyful day.
Tehillim (Psalms) 47:2:
“For Yehovah Most High is awesome; A great Sovereign over all the earth.”
Tehillim (Psalms) 66:1:
“Shout with joy to Elohim, All the earth!”
Tehillim (Psalms) 89:15:
“Blessed are the people Who know the sounding! They walk, O יהוה, in the light of Your face.”