How to celebrate Passover according to the Torah?

How to celebrate Passover according to the Torah?

Passover is the first of the High Holidays of the Lord. The first of the holidays that occur in the Spring also called the Spring feasts. Passover is on the fourteenth of the first month of the Hebrew calendar, in the month Abib or Nisan ( in the Gregorian calendar March or April ). This holiday begins the Passover feasting period, which is actually made up of three holidays – Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and First Fruits.

Passover is the day that the angel of death came and killed all the firstborns in Egypt and those who did not have the blood of a spotless lamb on their doorposts and lintels. 

Wayyiqra (Leviticus) 23: 5 – 8 

5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, between the evening times is the Lord’s Passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of this month is the feast of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread. 7 And the first day shall be a holy convocation to you: ye shall do no servile work. 8 And ye shall offer whole-burnt-offerings to the Lord seven days; and the seventh day shall be a holy convocation to you: ye shall do no servile work.

How to Celebrate the Passover

How do we celebrate Passover? The 14th of Nisan – usually in the months of March or April is Passover. On this day we usually read scriptures from the Exodus story, and a few Psalms, and enjoy a joyous dinner together as a family.

One of the things that are most prevalent about Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread is the command to rid our homes and dwellings of everything that contains leaven. All baked goods, dry goods, drinks, and condiments that contain yeast, baking powder, and baking soda should be used up and/ or thrown away before Passover begins. As well as, cleaning the areas where these items may have been eaten and might still be on the floor and in the cabinets. 

Shemoth (Exodus) 12: 15

“Seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread, and from the first day ye shall utterly remove leaven from your houses: whoever shall eat leaven, that soul shall be utterly destroyed from Israel, from the first day until the seventh day.”

All leavened food products should be avoided for the duration of Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. We see that yeast and leavening are a symbol of sin, and is a reminder that we should be diligent at removing sin from our lives.

Passover is a feast day and a reflection day. The next day, the 15th of Nisan is the first day of the seven-day holiday of Unleavened Bread, and the first and last days are sabbath rest days, where we are not to do any work. 

Shemoth (Exodus) 12: 16

“And the first day shall be called holy, and the seventh day shall be a holy convocation to you: ye shall do no servile work on them, only as many things as will [necessarily] be done by every soul, this only shall be done by you.”

Many times Unleavened bread is called Passover, however, these are two separate feasts. They both have a connected meaning and celebration, so that’s why they are thought of as the same holiday. 

The Feast of First Fruits

During the Feast of Unleavened Bread occurs another High Holiday, the feast of First Fruits. The Feast of First Fruits is oftentimes overshadowed by Passover and Unleavened Bread, but another major reason is that this holiday is always on the same day as the secular Easter.

Command to Count the Omer – Counting to Pentecost

First Fruits is also the day when we start to count fifty days or 7 weeks plus one day, until the last spring feast – Shavuot/ Pentecost!

Wayyiqra (Leviticus) 23: 15 – 16

15 And ye shall number to yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day on which ye shall offer the sheaf of the heave-offering, seven full weeks: 16 until the morrow after the last week ye shall number fifty days, and shall bring a new meat-offering to the Lord.

It can be a little weird to celebrate on the same day as Easter but celebrate it according to the Torah.


The Four Elements of Passover

While many things are done traditionally to celebrate Passover, the only things required in the Torah are: to eat lamb, to eat bitter herbs, and to eat matzah or unleavened bread every day, and we usually have grape juice as well.

These four elements of Passover all have meaning and spiritual applications. The lamb that was slaughtered and its blood was placed on the doorpost and lintels on that first Passover, is representative of Jesus dying on the cross for our sins and being the perfect sacrifice for us. The bitter herbs remind us of the bitterness of slavery under the Egyptians. The matzah or unleavened bread is a reminder to get rid of the sin in our lives and to be constantly renewing our minds and hearts, as well as, being representative of the body of Christ. Lastly, the wine or grape juice that we drink for communion reminds us of the blood of Jesus that was shed for us. 


The feasts of the Bible are often seen as the feasts of the Jews, and ones that one no else can participate in, but the Bible says that these feasts – the feasts of the bible, are the feasts of Elohim.

Wayyiqra (Leviticus) 23: 1-2

“And Yehovah spoke to Mosheh, saying ‘Speak to the children of Yisrael, and say to them, The appointed time of Yehovah, which you are to proclaim as set-apart gatherings, My appointed times are theses.’”

Elohim gave us these feasts as joyous occasions to celebrate Him and His provision for us. The Passover is a celebration of when Elohim caused the plagues of the Egyptians to pass over us and to punish them. It is a celebration of the freedom and deliverance Elohim gave us from slavery.

Shalom! And Happy Passover!

All Old Testament scriptures are from the Septuagint.

2 thoughts on “How to celebrate Passover according to the Torah?”

  • Hi, thanks for this simplification according to Torah. Do you celebrate with all 4 elements (ridding house of yeast and leavening, eating bitter herbs, eating lamb, and drinking the wine/grape juice) each of the 7 days of Passover?

    • Hi Carla! Yes, we get rid of all leavened foods and clean before Passover begins. Lamb and bitter herbs are only required for the first night of Passover. Unleavened Bread is eaten every day and grape juice/ wine is optional. Hope this helps! Thanks for reading, God bless!

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